In INDIA, Cyber crime rises about 457 percent in 5 Years as per ASSOCHAM-NEC joint study.
The cyber crime incidents under the Information Technology (IT) Act, 2000 from the year 2011 to 2016.
Less Cyber awareness would be the reason to increase in cyber crime. Data Security and privacy is most important for users.
According to Symantec Corp ranked INDIA among top five countries to be affected by Cyber Crime, between 2012-17, INDIA is the third largest country in the world after USA and China, the number of internet users have increased at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 44%.
Also Read- The Risks of Public WiFi
According to Economic Times, the INDIAN law enforcement agencies are aware of the using latest technologies like Artificial Intelligence, Big Data Analytics, Facial Recognition, Internet of Things (IoT) and other.
However, the implementation of these technologies is not on a national level but on a state level. The government of INDIA has taken steps to curb cyber crimes but additional development in terms of detecting and resolving cyber crime has to be incorporated for effective control, said in the report.
State government and cyber police are developing new anti-cyber crime measures and gathering methods to tackle it with the help of private organizations. There are many cyber crime cases are still pending.
Also Read- Top List of Biggest Hacks in 2018
How To Protect Against Cyber Crime
- Use Internet Security instead of Antivirus.
- Keep Strong Password.
- Do not use same password, create different password for different sites.
- Use Two-step verification and Google Authy
- Do not click on unknown link and email attachment
- Do not store your bank account details on websites.
- Use special Keywords in Password.
- Don’t give any personal information on the phone.
Cyber Laws In INDIA-
- Information Technology (IT) Act 2000
- Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860
SECTIONS UNDER IT ACT 2000:
Sec. 65- Tampering with Computer source documents
Whoever intentionally or knowingly destroys, conceals or changes any computer’s source code that is used for a computer, computer program, and computer system or computer network.
Sec. 66- Hacking with computer systems, data alteration
Whoever with the purpose or intention to cause any loss, damage or to destroy, delete or to alter any information that resides in any person’s computer.
Sec.67- Publishing obscene information
Whoever transmits or publishes or cause to publish any obscene material in electronic form. Any material that is vulgar or appeals to be lubricious or is meant to corrupt any individual who is likely to have regard to all relevant circumstances to read or to see or to hear the matter that contained in it shall be sentenced on the first convict with a term that may extend up to five years of imprisonment.
Sec. 68- Failure/refusal to comply with orders
The Controller may, by order, direct a Certifying Authority or any employee of such Authority to take such measures or cease carrying on such activities as specified in the order if those are necessary to ensure compliance with the provisions of this Act, rules or any regulations made thereunder. Any person who fails to comply with any such order shall be guilty of an offence.
Penalty- Imprisonment up to three years, or/and with fine up to ₹200,000
Sec. 69- Failure/Refusal to decrypt data
If the Controller is satisfied that it is necessary or expedient so to do in the interest of the sovereignty or integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign Stales or public order or for preventing incitement to the commission of any cognizable offence, for reasons to be recorded in writing, by order, direct any agency of the Government to intercept any information transmitted through any computer resource. The subscriber or any person in charge of the computer resource shall, when called upon by any agency which has been directed, must extend all facilities and technical assistance to decrypt the information. The subscriber or any person who fails to assist the agency referred is deemed to have committed a crime.
Penalty- Imprisonment up to seven years and a possible fine.
Sec. 70- Securing access or attempting to secure access to a protected system
The appropriate Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare that any computer, computer system or computer network to be a protected system.
The appropriate Government may, by order in writing, authorise the persons who are authorised to access protected systems. If a person who secures access or attempts to secure access to a protected system, then he is committing an offence.
Penalty- Imprisonment up to ten years, or/and with a fine.
Sec. 71- Misrepresentation
If anyone makes any misrepresentation to, or suppresses any material fact from, the Controller or the Certifying Authority for obtaining any license or Digital Signature Certificate.
Penalty- Imprisonment up to three years, or/and with fine up to 100,000 INR
Sec.72- Breach of Confidentiality and Privacy
Any person, who has secured access to any electronic record, book, register, correspondence, information, document or other material without the consent of the person concerned, discloses such electronic record, book, register, correspondence, information, document or other material to any other person shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with a fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both.
Sec. 73- Publishing false digital signature certificates
No person shall publish a false Electronic Signature Certificate or otherwise make it available to any other person despite knowing the following points: (a). The Certifying Authority listed in the certificate has not issued it; or (b) The subscriber listed in the certificate has not accepted it; or (c) The certificate has been revoked or suspended unless such publication is for the purpose of verifying a digital signature created prior to such suspension or revocation.