JavaScript Injection Impact

JavaScript Injection
JavaScript Injection

Security researchers are using JavaScript Injection to finding the vulnerability in websites.

JavaScript Injection is a little technique that allows you to alter the contents of a site without actually leaving the site. It can be very useful when to say, you need to spoof the server by editing some form options. Examples are as follows.

Using JavaScript a user can modify the current cookie settings. This can be performed with some basic JavaScript commands. To view the current contents of your current cookies, use the following JavaScript commands and use in your browser’s URL bar.

Impact of JavaScript Injection Vulnerability

The cyber-criminal can apply the code to perform a wide variety of actions, such as stealing the victim session token or login credentials, performing arbitrary actions on the victim’s behalf, and logging their keystrokes.

Users can be forced to visit the malicious URL in various ways, like in a way to redirect or Cross Site Scripting that will be run from client-side.

Example:

javascript:alert(document.cookie);

Contents:

  1. Injection Basics
  2. Cookie Editing
  3. Form Editing

1. Injection Basics:

JavaScript injections are run from the URL bar of the page you are visiting. To use them, you must first empty the URL from the URL bar. That means no http:// or whatever.

JavaScript is run from the URL bar by using the javascript: protocol.\ but you can expand this by using plain old JavaScript.

The two commands covered in this tutorial are the alert(); and void(); commands. These are pretty much all you will need in most situations. For your first JavaScript, you will make a simple window appear, first go to any website and then type the following into your URL bar:

Code:
javascript:alert(‘Hello, World’);

You should get a little dialog box that says “Hello, World”. This will be altered later to have more practical uses. You can also have more than one command run at the same time:

Code:
javascript:alert('Hello'); alert('World');

This would pop up a box that said ‘Hello’ and than another that says ‘World’.

2. Cookie Editing

First off, check to see if the site you are visiting has set any cookies by using this script:

Code:
javascript:alert(document.cookie);

This will pop up any information stored in the sites cookies. To edit any information, we make use of the void(); command.

Code:
javascript:void(document.cookie="Field = myValue");

This command can either alter existing information or create entirely new values. Replace “Field” with either an existing field found using the alert(document.cookie); command, or insert your very own value. Then replace “myValue” with whatever you want the field to be.

For Example:

Code:
javascript:void(document.cookie="Authorized=yes");

Would either make the field “authorized” or edit it to say “yes”… now whether or not this does anything of value depends on the site you are injecting it on.

It is also useful to tack an alert(document.cookie); at the end of the same line to see what effect your altering had.

3. Form Editing

Sometimes, to edit values sent to a given website through a form, you can simply download that HTML and edit it slightly to allow you to submit what you want. However, sometimes the website checks to see if you actually submitted it from the website you were supposed to. To get around this, we can just edit the form straight from JavaScript.

Note: The changes are only temporary, so it’s not use trying to deface a site through JavaScript injection like this.

Every form on a given webpage (unless named otherwise) is stored in the forms[x] array. where “x” is the number, in order from top to bottom, of all the forms in a page. Note that the forms start at 0, so the first form on the page would actually be 0, and the second would be 1 and so on.

Lets take this example:

Code:

<form action="http://www.website.com/submit.php" method="post">
<input type="hidden" name="to" value="[email protected]">

Note: Since this is the first form on the page, it is forms[0]

Say this form was used to email, say vital server information to the admin of the website. You can’t just download the script and edit it because the submit.php page looks for a referrers. You can check to see what value a certain form element has by using this script.

Code:

javascript:alert(document.forms[0].to.value)

This is similar to the alert(document.cookie); discussed previously. In this case, It would pop up an alert that says “[email protected]

So here’s how to Inject your email into it. You can use pretty much the same technique as the cookies editing shown earlier:

Code:

javascript:void(document.forms[0].to.value="[email protected]")

This would change the email of the form to be “[email protected]”. Then you could use the alert(); script shown above to check your work. Or you can couple both of these commands on one line.

Other cheat codes:

javascript:alert("XSS By YourName");

javascript:alert(0);

javascript:alert(document.forms[0].to.value="something")

document.body.contentEditable='true';document.designMode='on';void0

To move things around on the web-page.

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